Parallel teaching is a style in which both teachers are teaching at the same time. CaringConsumer. She is the author of The Everything Parent’s Guide to Special Education. Co-Teaching Styles. Go out of your way to point it out. Use inclusive vocabulary. , Here’s a closer look at parallel teaching: Lowers the student-teacher ratio and reduces the load of teaching a large class, Allows for small group instruction, which can be especially helpful for students who learn and think differently, Gives students the chance to ask more questions during lesson time, Provides a chance for students to work in heterogeneous groups (made up of varying abilities instead of groups of students with similar strengths and challenges), Keeps the academic rigor of a demanding lesson, but splits the responsibility between both teachers, Requires both teachers have strong knowledge of the content so students will learn the same thing, Can be challenging to control for noise, distraction, and space when working in the same classroom, Requires careful timing to make sure both teachers end the lesson at the same time, When teachers have equal content expertise and there’s a lot of information being covered in one lesson. Understood does not and will not take money from pharmaceutical The key to this strategy is to focus the observation; the teacher … “The compelling evidence is clear. is like an elderly couple—constantly bickering about trivial details but dependent on each other. general education teacher partners with a specialist who may be certified in teaching English Language Learners (ELLs Helpful. Amanda Morin, worked as a classroom teacher and as an early intervention specialist for 10 years. The best co-teaching happens when both teachers believe they are facilitating learning for all students in the class—not just those they are assigned to support. Understood is a nonprofit initiative. It incorporates lots of other models on a daily basis, and every day is a bit different (which students love). • How will we introduce ourselves to the students? Teachers who use “our students” hold high expectations for all students and make sure that everyone is receiving just-right challenges. Anne Beninghof. 4. Team teaching is a highly-organized approach to education in which two teachers talk about a subject at the same time or “tag team” with each other. This lesson will cover teaching strategies connected to the Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP). Read on to learn how each model works, what it looks like in the classroom, and when to use it. For more Depending upon your style, preference, and your students, choose the ones that suit your needs. It’s critical that both you and your co-teacher understand the needs of all of your students, including those who learn and think differently. Different learning stations are set up in various areas of the classroom, one for each teacher and at least one for independent student work. Taking the time to learn each other's strengths, preferences, interests, and even pet peeves makes co-teaching easier. The class is divided into two groups, and both teachers teach the same information simultaneously in different sections of the room. “Understood” and related logos are trademarks of Understood For All Inc. Build rapport. Here are a few co-teaching styles. It can be especially hard for new teachers who are paired up with teachers who have more experience, or for co-teachers whose teaching philosophies differ from each other. Resources to help you keep your career goals on target. (Download here.) 8 Things Successful Co-Teachers Do 1. PreK–K, Definition: Each teacher instructs half of the students. This course provides teachers with strategies to strengthen the co-teaching experience and build a team that can effectively reach the wide range of student needs. Chapter 1 - Introduction to Co-Teaching Chapter 2 - Why Co-Teach Chapter 3 - Implementing Co-Teaching Chapter 4 - Co-Teaching Strategies Chapter 5 - Data & Assessment of Co-Teaching Chapter 6 - Applying Co-Teaching in the "Real World" Chapter 7 - Summary Contact us for details. No matter which co-teaching model you use, you and your co-teacher need to thoughtfully plan... 2. Superheroes... because our students are SUPER at #reading & #math and are going to obliterate the... 2. The beginning of the school year, or even prior to the start of school, is the key time to decide which co-teaching models you want to use. It is essential to get to know each other personally, as well as professionally. And in Eisinger and Houppert's 5th grade class, they co-sign all emails to parents; both of their names and pictures are displayed in the classroom.But even though they're equals, co-teachers shouldn't perform the same roles, Friend said. Use our fail-safe strategies to set up your co-teaching relationship for a successful year. The specialist offers suggestions to tweak the plan to make it more accessible for struggling students. If there are more stations than teachers, some stations may be student-led and at least one will focus on independent work or practice opportunities. Share You don’t necessarily plan who takes which part of the lesson, and when one of you makes a point, the other can jump in and elaborate if needed. Simultaneous teaching 2. multiple ways of presenting and engaging with information, When students would benefit from learning content and skills using multiple strategies and having access to more than one teacher’s experience and perspective. Develop a lesson-planning format together that is student focused. You’ll also learn about the benefits and challenges of each co-teaching model. In the Duet Model, both teachers share everything—planning, implementation, assessment, reteaching, parent–teacher conferences, bulletin boards—literally, everything! Do. response to intervention View not found. The instructing teacher is at the front of the room teaching all the students, while the other teacher is stationed somewhere inconspicuous to make observations. We offer strategies to help novice and veteran co-teaching teams avoid pitfalls, embrace actions that make a difference, and take steps to promote positive outcomes. • How will we arrange the classroom for flexible grouping? Understood's resources for educators are backed by research, vetted by experts, and reviewed by classroom teachers. When something specific needs to be observed, whether it’s information for an IEP meeting, FBA, or RTI, or simply about how students respond to the way material is being taught. One of the greatest joys of a successful co-teaching relationship is the ability to learn from one another in real-time, in the classroom. Part One in our series demonstrates the benefits and "how to's" of co-teaching. You and your co-teacher plan together to make sure you’re covering the same material. Plan who’s doing what. But be sure that students know you’re both present and available for support. 1. 6 models of co-teaching, By For both in-classroom and distance learning, we offer the leading early childhood education program to ensure every child has a strong foundation for success in school and life. In most schools, co-teaching cannot exist alone as the means through which inclusive practices are implemented. 2. Planning and reflecting on the lessons you teach together is especially important. Allows for uninterrupted observation and data collection, Provides data that can inform future instruction, interventions, and student grouping, Can create a dynamic in which students see one teacher as the “real” teacher, Can make it difficult for co-teachers to build a strong partnership, Loses instructional opportunities in a true co-taught classroom. Building a strong relationship with your co-teacher and talking through when it makes sense to swap roles can make it easier. The following co-teaching models were developed by Marilyn Friend. Provides additional support to struggling students without specifically singling them out, Gives a chance to re-teach, review, and pre-teach, Allows for intervention as well as enrichment opportunities, Requires strong data collection in order to group students appropriately, May make students feel self-conscious, especially if they’re often in the small group, Can be challenging to control for noise, distraction, and enough space when working in the same classroom, Needs careful planning to make sure students don’t miss material being taught to the large group. No matter which co-teaching model you use, you and your co-teacher need to thoughtfully plan out which responsibilities each of you will have. One Teach, One Observe. This will help you figure out which students need support filling in gaps in background knowledge, which students need remediation, or which students could benefit from accelerated learning because they already know the content or have mastered the skills of the large group lesson. Reviewed in the United States on September 19, 2016. IEPs Co-teaching is a challenge and both teachers need to be willing to be flexible so that all students can be successful. Fill in the blank: The marriage between co-teachers is like ______. Understand the needs of all of your students. Data was collected from cooperating teachers and student teachers at different grade levels. Current School of Education credential candidates can click on the link below to log in to My SOE (opens in new window), which contains learning modules for the co-teaching strategies. Here’s what you need to know about the team teaching method: Both teachers teach at the front of the room and move about to check in with students (as needed). Some IEPs specify that a student’s teaching team needs to include a general education teacher and a special education teacher. TM ® & © 2016 Scholastic Inc. All Rights Reserved. Here is what I offered her: “What have you done in the past that has worked?”, “What if we try this idea for one week and then discuss how it went?”. is a clinical professor in the department of special education at Hunter College in New York City. Debriefing after a lesson is also key. The ultimate goal of co-teaching—as is the case with all service delivery mechanisms—is to meet the educational needs of your students. If, instead, we had automatically grouped students based on their labels, a few might have fallen through the cracks. That’s key to making sure that both of you have a chance to teach content and to provide support to students one-on-one. For the past 20 years, I have worked with schools on their co-teaching initiatives. Considerations include: 1. The responses run the gamut from horror story to every teacher’s dream: The marriage between co-teachers Alternative teaching is also sometimes described as “big group/small group” teaching. and are used with permission. In station teaching, the class is divided into three or more groups and the classroom has multiple learning centers. While general educators are the experts in the curriculum and content, special educators devise and implement a plan for addressi… “Divide and conquer” is the best strategy for virtual co-teaching. In this model, the classroom teacher takes on responsibility for advance planning and then shares her ideas with her partner. In parallel teaching, the team splits the class into two groups and each teacher teaches the same information at the same time. Knowing how to read an IEP or 504 plan, implement accommodations, and participate in IEP meetings is a shared responsibility. Co-Teaching Handbook. This model of co-teaching can be difficult to negotiate because it may leave one teacher feeling more like an assistant. It asks you to step outside of your comfort zone and allow another teacher to see how you approach a classroom full of students. You can keep track of these tasks on a chart. Agree on expectations. Use “our students” rather than “your students/my students” in your conversations. One Teach, One Observe – one teacher has primary instructional responsibility while the other gathers specific observational information on students or the (instructing) teacher. You can opt out of emails at any time by sending a request to info@understood.org. Anne Beninghof is a consultant and former special educator. is a clinical professor in the department of special education at Hunter College in New York City. Whichever models you choose, the most successful co-teaching occurs when the choices have been intentional, with the students’ needs kept in mind. These conversations can be uncomfortable, so teachers often avoid them. The observing teacher is collecting data, which can be useful in determining what instruction takes place next, which students need additional help, and what co-teaching model may … Gone is the abstract wondering of what other teachers do in their classrooms behind closed doors. Co-teachers might decide to use a parallel model one day, splitting the class into two so that students get more of a chance to participate. Click Here to Subscribe to Instructor Magazine. Mentoring Teacher Candidates Through Co-Teaching One of the advantages in co-teaching is that more detailed observation of students engaged in... 2. Copyright © 2014–2020 Understood For All Inc. All rights reserved. , The greatest benefit to this approach is the reduction of the student-teacher ratio. One Teach, One Assist. To download a copy of the form, visit ideas for educators.com/downloadables. During a co-taught lesson last year, my partner and I quickly assessed our students’ understanding of figurative language to decide how to group them. The Lead and Support Model works well when a specialist is assigned to co-teach with multiple classroom teachers. The beginning of the school year, or even prior to the start of school, is the key time to decide... Have Courageous Conversations. In my workshops on co-teaching, I ask participants to complete that simile. For example, fractions may be taught with a fraction line at one and with cubes at another. However, not all teachers are familiar with co-teaching models, the planning and collaboration it takes, or the different ways it can look in a classroom. 6–8. 1–2, 40+ The specialist incorporates her unique skills into instruction so that all students are successful. Comment Report abuse. The co-teaching model of student teaching allows students increased opportunities to get help when and how they need it. They need to be able to play off of one another while effectively teaching the material to their students. But there are several steps you can take to help make co-teaching work: 1. Cloud State University, Teacher Quality Enhancement Center; Research Funded by a US Department of Education, Teacher Quality Enhancement Grant) One Teach, One Observe Definition: One teacher has primary responsibility while the other gathers In a second approach to co-teaching, one person would keep primary responsibility for teaching... 3. My co-teacher was surprised to find several “gifted” students who didn’t quite get it. Co-Teaching Resources. Co-teachers are often general education teachers and special education teachers working together in the general education classroom. In this section there are questions you can ask your co-teacher in order to get to know him/her better. Just as in a marriage, partners may have differences of opinion or develop resentments. Both of you need to know which students needed extra support during the lesson, what that support looked like, and what each student was struggling with. information, please review the Terms and Follow these strategies to address the needs of every student in your virtual classroom. 10 My favorite lesson-planning form contains reminders to consider things such as visual supports, hands-on activities, and modes of participation. Co-teachers should have parity in the classroom, Friend said. You and your co-teacher should have a clear understanding of who is in charge of each responsibility. A true partnership grows as you get to know each other. These are some of the other service delivery options that need to exist: • How will we evaluate our own co-teaching practice? When there is a small group of students who need pre- or re-teaching of skills or content or who would benefit from enrichment on the topic. A special education teacher at one of my workshops in California told me that she was tired of “being the one to always make copies.” I suggested that she and her partner brainstorm a list of tasks that make their class run effectively and decide who will do what. Parallel Teaching. Agree on expectations. Parallel teaching works well to differentiate instruction when the content being taught is particularly challenging. Having a conversation before the year begins about your expectations for students, behavior, homework, bathroom use, etc., can help you work out any differences you may have and come to a consensus for how your shared class will run. Instead, co-teaching should be one out of a wide variety of service delivery systems that provide supports to students with special needs. But doing so comes at a great cost, as it usually results in a loss of instructional quality and student progress. In team teaching, as well as the five other co-teaching models below, a teacher team may be made up of two general education teachers, two special education teachers, or one of each. Think of this as a well-balanced meal, always nutritious and flavorful, that you will serve to students. In a classroom where co-teaching is occurring, it’s hard to tell who the teacher is and who the coach is, because both are engaged and involved partners in the delivery of the lesson. On another day, teachers might choose to use a station model, where a small group of students receives intense, direct instruction following the mini-lesson. Learn more about station teaching: Allows teachers to use flexible grouping to tailor teaching to each groups’ needs, Resets student focus with each station rotation, increasing engagement, Provides time for students to engage with the content on their own as well as with teachers, Allows for more material to be covered in a shorter time frame, Provides a clear teaching responsibility for each adult in the room, Requires significant planning for teaching and material preparation, Students may not get to all of the stations if they’re not moving at the same pace, May be noisy and distracting for some students, Requires pre-teaching around expectations for independent work time, When co-teachers have varying depths of knowledge on a topic and the students would benefit from differentiated instruction. All Things Considered Other topics to discuss with your co-teacher before the first school bell rings: • Should we set aside other time (early-morning coffee, lunchtime walks) for additional planning? Download the PDF from here. Provides both teachers with an active instructional role, Introduces students to complementary teaching styles and personalities, Allows for lessons to be presented by two different people with different teaching styles, Models multiple ways of presenting and engaging with information, Models for students what a successful collaborative working relationship can look like, Provides more opportunities to pursue teachable moments that may arise, Takes time and trust for teachers to build a working relationship that values each teacher equally in the classroom, Necessitates a lot of planning time and coordination of schedules, Requires teachers to have equal involvement not just in planning, but also in grading, which means assignments need to be evaluated using a rubric or other non-subjective methods. Once you have identified which of these two overarching models best suits your situation, you can explore the day-to-day plans. Snippets of the co-teaching strategies that we use in our classroom. Even with the best-laid plans, there are bound to be occasional relationship challenges. A co-teacher in Nebraska asked me to suggest specific prompts she could use when she and her partner reached an impasse. “Even in the ideal co-teaching relationship, there will be occasions when there is tension or anger between the co-teachers (or with a student)…When discussing the classroom environment, co-teachers may want to briefly discuss strategies for managing themselves when this situation happens. Instead, co-teachers get to watch each other in action, absorbing new and effective strategies from one another. In alternative teaching, one teacher instructs most of the class and the other teacher teaches an alternate or modified version of the lesson to a smaller group of students. 4 people found this helpful. Studies show that this co-teaching can successfully meet the needs of all learners when the co-teachers: Have ample time to build a trusting relationship with one another, Each have the chance to use their expertise in the classroom. It might seem basic, but this is one of our most important co-teaching tips. No matter co-teachers’ respective expertise, some relationships work smoothly, while others are rocky. (FBA), It affords teachers opportunities to incorporate co-teaching strategies, grouping and educating students in ways that are not possible with just one teacher. I have seen an explosion of interest—not just among special education and general education teachers but among ELL teachers, literacy specialists, and speech and language therapists, all of whom are recognizing the benefits of inclusion teaching. One Teach, One Observe. Use our fail-safe strategies to set up your co-teaching relationship for a successful year. Keeping lines of communication open, raising concerns respectfully, and having a supportive and involved administrator can help bridge any gaps. Keep setting aside time to collaborate. Tag team teaching Simultaneous teaching means two teachers at the front of the class guiding students through the materi… Allows one teacher to teach a lesson without interruption from students who need assistance, Gives real-time help for students who need it, Allows teachers to use proximity to keep students on task, Provides for increased classroom management, which can be helpful if the class makeup is particularly challenging, Can provide newer teachers with the opportunity to observe more experienced teachers, Can create a dynamic in which students see one teacher as the one who manages behavior, Can appear as though one teacher is more “in charge” than the other, Sets up a possible expectation that one-to-one support can always be immediate, Requires solid planning to make sure the supporting teacher is used efficiently, When one teacher is more familiar and comfortable with teaching a strategy, and you know many students will need individual support. The marriage between co-teachers is like a fine wine—it gets better with age. This website provides information of a general nature and is When planning lessons, flexibly group students based on formative assessment rather than labels (IEP, ELL, gifted, etc.). They were presented to teachers in my system during a pre-planning conference. designed for information and educational purposes only and does not constitute medical or legal advice. As the students rotate through the stations, the teachers teach the same material in different ways to each group. Here’s what you need to know about this co-teaching method: The lead teacher is at the front of the room, where all students can see, while the other teacher roams among students and assists as needed. As part of communicating openly, partners should also clarify who is responsible for specific tasks. They know that students with a wide range of special needs can thrive when they’re taught in classes with their peers. Team teaching is sometimes called “tag team teaching.” You and your co-teacher teacher are a bit like co-presenters at a conference or the Oscars. But for the sake of our students, we need to ­develop a strong working relationship as quickly as possible. Why is that? Students can benefit from learning difficult material in a smaller group. Traditional student teaching is not conducive to maximizing educational benefits for our students. When one teacher is directly instructing the students, the other should be observing. Sign up for weekly emails containing helpful resources for you and your family. Because differences are our greatest strength. Both teachers are then fully involved in teaching and assessing students. 5. This is an excellent model, but be aware that it requires an enormous amount of co-planning time. I hope you’ll begin the year with thoughtful planning, embrace challenges as opportunities for growth, and embark on a fruitful co-teaching journey. By having a proactive discussion, you reduce confusion and avoid hurt feelings. In a “one teach, one observe” setting, one teacher serves as the primary instructor, while the other is simply observing students’ learning and collecting data, which can be useful in: Determining what instruction takes place next, Seeing which students need additional help, Deciding what co-teaching model may be used next to address any identified needs, Identifying and tracking helpful school services, such as Initially, co-planning often takes place as teachers are creating and building their professional relationships with one another. It’s also essential that both teachers share behavior management equally. functional behavioral assessments Seven Co-Teaching Strategies . You plan lessons together and teach together to support the diverse academic and social-emotional needs of all students — those who have been identified as having a disability and those who haven’t. Generally, team teaching is split into two sub-strategies: 1. She has trained teachers across the United States and is the author of Co-Teaching That Works. Here are a few suggestions for making this goal a reality. According to Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences … If these occur, it is essential to have “courageous conversations”—to be open, honest, and professional about what is happening. (BIP), or Parallel teaching can be a comfortable way to start co-teaching. By 5 Co-Teaching Strategies for Meeting Student Needs During Class Time During class time, work together to ensure all student needs are being met. Co-teaching definitely has benefits, but it can also be challenging to implement. 1. 504 plans Differentiated Instruction: Learning Stations. With distance learning, it can be harder for students to see collaboration in action. Accrediting organizations and regulations have compelled teacher preparation programs to establish partnerships with PK-12 schools to produce quality educators by utilizing effective teaching approaches such as co-teaching. Co-Teaching Strategies. PRACTICAL CO-TEACHING STRATEGIES: Increasing Students' Success in Today's Inclusive Classroom | Bureau of Education & Research (BER) is a sponsor of staff development training for professional educators in the United States and Canada offering seminars, PD Kits, self-study resources, and Online courses. As more schools move toward inclusion, integrated co-teaching (also known as collaborative team teaching) is becoming more common. Kristen L. Hodnett, MSEd 3–5, There was an issue submitting your email address. The two teachers address the same instructional material and present the material using the same teaching strategy. Bring dull academic concepts to life with visual and practical learning experiences, helping your students to understand how their schooling applies in the real-world.Examples include using the interactive whiteboard to display photos, audio clips and videos, as well as encouraging your students to get out of their seats with classroom experiments and local field trips.

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