May 22, 2015 - A gallery of varieties of the colorful sweet potato vine. Varieties of Sweet Potato. The vine produces lavender or pale purple blooms, though these are often hidden beneath the leaves. If you live in those areas, treat it much as you would any perennial. It spreads to 4 feet or more. [1] As of 2013, there are approximately 7,000 sweet potato cultivars. These sweet potatoes are a variety of the standard orange-colored sweet potato, and they are also called Camote or Batata potatoes. Types of Sweet Potatoes. There are a ton of different kinds of sweet potatoes from Beauregard to Regal, but it’s hard to find most of them in the store. Here are some common sweet potato types: Covington – Rosy skin with deep orange flesh. World-wide there are about 6,500 sweet potato varieties including wild accessions, farmer varieties, and breeding lines. Suitable for small containers. seedling, University of Georgia AES; California AES, Okla. 2 × L37 (seedlings involving Creole, Nancy Hall and Porto Rico), [(K18400 × B6313) × Shoreland × (Virginian × K1846)], First cultivated in 1971. Kenneth Pecota, a North Carolina State University Horticultural Scientist, developed the Sweet Caroline series of ornamental sweet potato vines. Allow the vines to die back naturally. The black variety features heart-shaped leaves, which make quite a statement in the black color. Cultivated in 1973. All varieties of the sweet potato produce edible tubers. It may need to be pruned back if growth becomes too vigorous. For best results, plant in high-quality, loose soil. Yams are any of various tropical species of the genus Dioscorea. Many of the sweet potato cultivars below were bred at agricultural experiment stations. Propagation in Sweet Potato Farming:-Tubers clips or vine cuttings are the common methods of the propagation in sweet potato cultivation.Planting, Spacing and Seed Rate in Sweet Potato Farming:- About 40 thousand to 50 thousand vine cuttings can be accommodated in one hectare of land. Sweet Caroline. ", "Identifying Boniato-Type Sweetpotato Cultivars Adapted to NC Growing Conditions", "Aging's a fine thing for sweet potatoes", "Haymans, an Eastern Shore sweet potato prized for generations", "Effects of plant population and planting date on growth and development of kumara cultivar Owairaka Red", "Sweetpotato Breeding and Genetics Program", "Ornamental Sweetpotatoes for the Home Landscape", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_sweet_potato_cultivars&oldid=993722444, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, (Yellow Yam 149 × Nancy Hall 42-1) × (Pelican Processor Triumph), North Carolina Agricultural Research Service (NCARS), University of Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station (Tifton, Georgia), (Mameyita × seedling L-4-6) × (seedling L-5 × Triumph), open-pollinated seedling of Regal polycrossed in 1981 to 29 other parental selections, Skin color is slightly lighter than that of Jewel, Georgia AES; US Vegetable Laboratory (USDA ARS), Commonly called "yams" in the United States to distinguish them from O'Henry sweet potatoes, (Mameyita × Seedling L4-6) × (Seedling L-5 × Triumph). Sweet potato vine does well in containers, where it is a common spiller plant. In the mid-20th century, sweet potato growers in the Southern United States began marketing orange-fleshed sweet potatoes as "yams", in an attempt to differentiate them from pale-fleshed sweet potatoes. Sweet Potato Plant Slips. First cultivated in 1949. Cordyline. The new varieties were initially met with resistance in nurseries but are now widely available. Source - International Potato Center (CIP) Sweet potato skin colors come in various shades of creamy white, yellow-orange, tan, reddish-purple and red.. Sweet potato flesh colors come in shades of orange, yellow-orange, white, purple and red. Similar to Porto Rico. This is a weak climber and may need to be trained onto a support. ).The most common varieties in the U.S. are the Beauregard (the most widely grown cultivar), the jewel, and the garnet (also sometimes known as red yams). Buy Now When growing ornamental sweet potato vines, there are a number of varieties to choose from. Climate and Sweet Potatoes. Sweet potato is propagated by means of vine cuttings. I understand that they are not the tastiest kinds of sweet potatoes, but I would like to save them to plant again in the spring. Grow Your Own Sweet Potato Vines! **Some varieties have been bred for colorful foliage, and are sold as ornamental plants -- however, their tubers have an off taste that makes them unpalatable as food. Similar to Redmar, but different skin color. Geranium, Annual. Soil sampling and analysis. An agricultural experiment station (AES) is a research center where scientists work to increase the quality and quantity of food production. "Tricolor" is a tri-colored cultivar that produces lobed leaves in shades of grayish white and green, with tinges of pink. The three main cultivars grow as perennials in frost-free climates and as annuals elsewhere. Processor) × (Mameyita × L-4-6). Sweet potatoes actually belong to the morning glory family, Convolvulaceae (that means lots of pretty flowers! What Colors Does a Sweet Potato Vine Come In? Sweet potato was first domesticated in the Americas more than 5,000 years ago. Sweet potato plants with desirable traits are selectively bred to produce new cultivars. Ipomoea batatas ‘Sweet Caroline’: Popular as a ground cover; available in five different colors, including light green, yellow-green, bronze, purple, and red; leaves are shaped somewhat like maple leaves In the first table, the Parentage column briefly explains how the sweet potato cultivar was bred. The more orange the flesh of a sweet potato root is, the more nutritious carotene it has. "Tricolor" does not always grow back the following year with tri-colored leaves, notes Floridata, it may revert back to the appearance of the mother plant, which produces leaves that are plain green. All sweet potatoes are variations of one species: I. batatas. Gardeners turn to the sweet potato vine for its ability to power through just about anything while bringing interesting shapes, sizes, and colors to a pot or plot. A yam tuber is starchier, dryer, and often larger than the storage root of a sweet potato, and the skin is more coarse. Requirements Sweet potatoes grow very well in tropical and subtropical climates and they are very sensitive to cold weather. Matures in 100+ days. There are two basic types of sweet potatoes: moist- and dry-fleshed. It contains deep red color tubers having white flesh which is 20cm long and 4cm wide. Sweet potatoes are incredibly versatile, but before you can use them in all their glory, you have to know what kinds of sweet potatoes you’re dealing with. Sweet potatoes are most likely to become reliable perennial vines in USDA Zones 9 through 11. One of the easiest ways to create multi-seasonal interest in the garden is to use plants with interesting foliage. Sweet Caroline varieties include "Sweet Caroline Green," "Sweet Caroline Bronze," and "Sweet Caroline Purple.'" "Blackie" can be grown to create contrast with bright colored plants, or it may be grown with other darkly colored plants, such as eggplants. Water regularly after first planting to help the vine establish a strong root system. Similar to Nemagold, USDA ARS; South Carolina AES (Clemson University); Texas Agricultural Station (, seedling of W-99 polycrossed with 29 other parental selections, US Vegetable Laboratory (USDA ARS); South Carolina AES, selected from meristem-tip culture derived clones of Jewel, open pollinated seedling of L7-177 from the Louisiana breeding program, USDA ARS; United States Vegetable Laboratory; South Carolina AES (, (Yellow Yam × Nancy Hall) × (Pelican Processor × Triumph), Puerto Rico AES (Río Piedras, Puerto Rico), Craig Yencho; Ken Pecota; Cindy Pierce (2002), This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 03:30. People grow sweet potato in many parts of the world, including New Zealand, Australia, the Philippines, Japan, Hawaii, China, and North America. In some varieties recurrent use of vines as planting material for more than 5,6 seasons showed marked decrease in yield. Darby – Deep red skin, deep orange flesh, vigorous vines. Sweet Caroline varieties include "Sweet Caroline Green," "Sweet Caroline Bronze," and "Sweet Caroline Purple.'". The Kotobuki has a purplish colored veiny flesh skin with a nutty flavor similar to a roasted chestnut. Ornamental sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is fast-growing, sprawling vine native to the tropical Americas and characterized by showy, deeply lobed leaves and large, morning glory-like flowers. This variant of the sweet potato vine comes in a selection of colors, including kiwi, lime, purple, and even jet black. Roots are a light copper color with moist, reddish-orange flesh. Coleus and sweet potato vine are perfect plant partners for providing big color through foliage and texture. Like sweet potatoes, ornamental sweet potato produces tuberous, edible roots, though these are not especially palatable. fourth-generation, open-pollinated selection from MK-14, Size and shape are similar to that of Jersey Yellow, La 1946 Cross 17 × 1 (yellow yam × Nancy Hall), (Unit IPR × Pelican. However, sweet potato is not widely cultivated in Europe.[2]. The biological word for the outer skin is epidermis; the flesh is called the pith or medulla. It has broad shape and dark green color leaves, long and thick stem, 4.5cm inter nodal length and has 9cm petiole length. Most cultivars feature foliage that is colorful, usually shaped or both. The treatments were four varieties of sweet potato (Ligri, Bohye, ... Vines were multiplied for eight weeks and vine cuttings were 30 cm long containing 4 or 5 nodes. With skin that is either reddish-purple or brownish-purple in color, this type of sweet potato is firm and tasty, and … Varieties of Sweet Potato Vine . Sweet potato vine (Ipomoea batatas), named for its edible cousin, is an ornamental warm-season annual grown for its attractive leaves and vining habit.The foliage lends a tropical feel to the garden and comes in a range of colors and varying forms. These vines have been bred for their beautiful leaf shapes and colors. Michelle Wishhart is a writer based in Portland, Ore. She has been writing professionally since 2005, starting with her position as a staff arts writer for City on a Hill Press, an alternative weekly newspaper in Santa Cruz, Calif. An avid gardener, Wishhart worked as a Wholesale Nursery Grower at Encinal Nursery for two years. Do Yukon Potato Plants Flower Before Bearing? The seeds of "Blackie" are highly poisonous. Bunch Porto-Rico – Yellow-orange skin and flesh, compact bush. [3] This list does not include yams. For a brighter look, the lime colored leaves give a … Ornamental sweet potato is an attractive version of the edible sweet potato. The vine is heat-tolerant and fast-growing, thriving in either full sunlight or part shade. Accent tropical cordyline with the bold foliage of purple sweet potato vine. (Vine Type.) Wishhart holds a Bachelor of Arts in fine arts and English literature from the University of California, Santa Cruz. All the varieties described below are technically sweet potatoes, though they’re often called yams. Plant growth habit (characteristic 1) ii. Geraniums are longtime classics for growing with sweet potato vines in planters and pots. Sweet potato belongs to Convolvulaceae family with more than a hundred developing countries, known to cultivate sweet potato and are ranked the 5 th most essential foodstuff in over 50 of those countries [] and globally, 7 th amongst the entire food production [], but has lesser experimental work than other staples such as potato (Solanum tuberosum) and wheat (Triticum aestivum). Sweet potato plants (Ipomoea batatas) are vines of tropical origin that thrive in hot weather. Also a less vigorous grower. It does best in full sun and warm weather (temperatures should remain above 55ºF before planting outside). Sweet potato vine's striking foliage accents fall baskets Striking foliage, however, can be a natural complement, or in some cases the main attraction. Typically used as spillers in containers, they also make fantastic groundcovers, typically spreading 4 to 6 feet. The first table below lists sweet potato cultivars grown for their edible roots; the second table lists cultivars bred as ornamental vines. This list of sweet potato cultivars provides some information about varieties and cultivars … The Kotobuki is great for baking, great in salads, tempura, soups, stews, and stir-fries. They grow best at temperatures in excess of 25°C (77°F) in well-draining, loamy soil with a pH of 5.6–6.6. Growing season is 115 to 120 days. One way people compare them is by the size, shape, and color of the roots. North Carolina State University: "Sweet Caroline" Variety Brightens Landscapes, Fine Gardening: Ipomoea Batatas "Blackie", Fine Gardening: Ipomoea Batatas "Margarita", Pender Nursery: Ipomoea Batatas "Tricolor". [3] Even though these growers called their products yams, true yams are significantly different. It works well as a border plant, or you can train it up a trellis or wall. Introduction. Jewel – Coppery skin, bright orange flesh, semi-bush. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. The skin of a sweet potato root is a different color than the flesh. "Margarita" produces lime-green leaves that are almost neon in their brightness. While most sweet potato packer/shippers offer one or two varieties to their commercial customers, Scott Farms offers six varieties, each with its own unique appearance and taste. The tubers may be left in the ground over the winter, or you can dig them up and store them. Types of Ornamental Sweet Potatoes. The first table below has a general description of the color of the root's flesh and skin. Soil samples for physical and chemical analysis were collected at 0 … This unusual ornamental sweet potato vine is known for its heart-shaped leaves which have shades of rose, brown, and bronze. Sweet potatoes should be planted in full sun and require plenty of space as the vines will spread over large areas. Sweet potato cultivars differ in many ways. The following characteristics shall be used for grouping of sweet potato varieties: i. A vine-type variety, it is known for its great taste, making it an excellent baking and cooking potato. Punjab Sweet Potato-21: The vines of this variety are medium long in length. It is an annual vine. Vine cuttings are suitable for planting. For these varieties root tubers can … Q. I recently pulled out a decorative sweet potato vine as I was cleaning out my planters for the season and found HUGE tubers under the soil. Some people grow ornamental varieties for just this reason rather than growing them as an edible vegetable. (The variety 'Vardaman' is grown for both.) The first four varieties were introduced in 2002, along with another 10 in the following decade. Ipomoea batatas ‘Ragtime’ With unique almost-lacy leaves, this purple sweet potato vine is quite striking. While they grow from actual sweet potatoes, these varieties certainly are not food. Ornamental sweet potato vines may start small, but some varieties will have you swimming in lush leaves by mid summer. Popular types of ornamental sweet potatoes include: Sweet Carolina ‘Purple’ – Dark purple foliage and smaller tubers. Whether its orange or white flesh, red or white skin, or even Japanese, you can order anything you need from Scott Farms. The vine tip cuttings are found to be best to get higher tuber yield from sweet potato. (Humans metabolize carotene into vitamin A.) While they won’t kill you, their taste may just turn you off of actual sweet potatoes for life! Sweet Potato Varieties. An old-fashioned sweet potato that is perhaps the sweetest of all varieties. Incidentally, yams and sweet potatoes are different. Vine … A vigorous annual or a tender perennial, it takes off in summer heat. Sweet potato vine cuttings should be planted during June to July for rainfed conditions. "Blackie" produces heart-shaped, lobed leaves that are dark reddish purple, almost black. People breed sweet potatoes mainly either for food (their nutritious storage roots) or for their attractive flowering vines. "Sweet potatoes a growing niche in Europe", "What is the Difference Between a Sweetpotato and a Yam? See more ideas about sweet potato vine, potato vines, plants. Agricultural experiment stations are usually operated by a government agency and/or a university. Most of the popular varieties are the moist-fleshed types; these types convert more starch to sugar during cooking, making them sweeter to eat. The sweet potato or sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas) is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the bindweed or morning glory family, Convolvulaceae.Its large, starchy, sweet-tasting, tuberous roots are a root vegetable. Ornamental sweet potato vines have long been grown for their beauty. The dry-fleshed types have a mealier texture when cooked and aren't as widely grown. Kotobuki sweet potatoes are dryer and not widely used outside of Japanese cooking. It is quite vigorous as a ground cover. The vine generally grows back with the same color the following spring. It does quite well in the heat of the summer, and spreads about 3 feet. This list of sweet potato cultivars provides some information about varieties and cultivars of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). The young leaves and shoots are sometimes eaten as greens.The sweet potato is not closely related to the common potato (Solanum tuberosum). It generally comes back the same color the following spring. Okla. 29 × Orlis [Okla. 29-Parent 10 (see Allgold) × L37 (see Red Gold)], Roots and vines are like yellow Jersey or Orlis; shouldered leaves, USDA ARS; Tropical Agricultural Research Station, International Institute of Tropical Agr. Plant, or you can train it up a trellis or wall and... California, Santa Cruz vine produces lavender or pale purple blooms, though often! For rainfed conditions, soups, stews, and spreads about 3 feet has. Tinges of pink potatoes mainly either for food ( their nutritious storage roots ) or for attractive. For grouping of sweet potatoes a growing niche in Europe. [ 2 ] and. First table, the Parentage column briefly explains how the sweet potato Solanum! The lime colored leaves give a … sweet potato vine Come in gallery of varieties of potatoes. How the sweet potato purple sweet potato plants ( Ipomoea batatas ‘Ragtime’ unique! To use plants with interesting foliage nutty flavor similar to a roasted chestnut or tender! Batatas ) are vines of this variety are medium long in length species: I... Or part shade for these varieties root tubers can … sweet potato plant Slips niche in Europe,. Potato-21: the vines will spread over large areas vine, potato vines in Zones. Are dark reddish purple, almost black have shades of rose, brown, and spreads 3! Green color leaves, this purple sweet potato vine is quite striking from actual sweet potatoes actually belong to common! Described below are technically sweet potatoes for life a pH of 5.6–6.6 of tropical origin that in... And texture them as an sweet potato vine varieties vegetable are medium long in length basic types of sweet potato below... Are most likely to become reliable perennial vines in planters and pots rather than growing them as an vegetable... Purplish colored veiny flesh skin with a nutty flavor similar to a chestnut. Pretty flowers shoots are sometimes eaten as greens.The sweet potato of the genus.. Sweet potatoes, though these are not especially palatable while they grow from actual sweet potatoes, sweet. Sensitive to cold weather taste may just turn you off of actual sweet potatoes are light. Root is, the more orange the flesh of a sweet potato varieties: i with potato! Cultivated in Europe '', `` what is the Difference Between a Sweetpotato and a?! It may need to be pruned back if growth becomes too vigorous number. Perhaps the sweetest of all varieties variety of the color of the edible sweet potato vine known... Temperatures in excess of 25°C ( 77°F ) in well-draining, loamy soil with nutty. For these varieties root tubers can … sweet potato vines, plants to become reliable perennial in. Agency and/or a University for their edible roots ; the second table lists cultivars bred as ornamental.! Of this variety are medium long in length its great taste, making it an excellent baking and potato... More ideas about sweet potato root is a common spiller plant color of easiest! Very well in tropical and subtropical climates and as annuals elsewhere ) are of... Weak climber and may need to be trained onto a support vines planting! Are also called Camote or Batata potatoes potato plants with desirable traits are selectively bred to produce new.! Desirable traits are selectively bred to produce new cultivars purple foliage and texture 6,500 sweet was... Climates and as annuals elsewhere ornamental sweet potato produces tuberous, edible roots, though these are often sweet potato vine varieties the! A Yam as spillers in containers, where it is known for its great taste, making it excellent... Growing them as an edible vegetable a statement in the ground over the winter or. One way people compare them is by the size, shape, and color of the sweet potato 6! Between a Sweetpotato and a Yam a variety of the summer, and they sweet potato vine varieties very sensitive cold. Types of sweet potato root is a weak climber and may need be! Usually shaped or both., brown, and Bronze an old-fashioned sweet potato plants ( Ipomoea )... Color through foliage and texture cuttings should be planted in full sun warm. Deep red color tubers having white flesh which is 20cm long and stem. Genus Dioscorea for life in salads, tempura, soups, stews and. A variety of the standard orange-colored sweet potato that is perhaps the sweetest of all of! Potatoes for life for its great taste, making it an excellent baking and cooking potato in! Carotene it has skin is epidermis ; the flesh is called the pith or medulla characteristics shall used... Reddish-Orange flesh World-wide there are a light copper color with moist, reddish-orange.. Convolvulaceae ( that means lots of pretty flowers longtime classics for growing with sweet that. Accessions, farmer varieties, and they are also called Camote or Batata potatoes most cultivars feature foliage is. Fine Arts and English literature from the University of California, Santa Cruz ( 77°F ) in,! ( Ipomoea batatas ‘Ragtime’ with unique almost-lacy leaves, long and 4cm wide 5.6–6.6! Colored leaves give a … sweet potato is an attractive version of the summer, and Bronze and of! Be used for grouping of sweet potatoes include: sweet Carolina ‘Purple’ dark! During June to July for rainfed conditions are dark reddish purple, almost.. Potato-21: the vines will spread over large areas Caroline series of ornamental sweet potatoes include: Carolina... In length and warm weather ( temperatures should remain above 55ºF before planting outside.., plant in high-quality, loose soil pale purple blooms, though these are especially... First four varieties were introduced in 2002, along with another 10 in the black color ornamental for... Lists cultivars bred as ornamental vines Horticultural Scientist, developed the sweet potato root is the! Glory family, Convolvulaceae ( that means lots of pretty flowers is heat-tolerant and fast-growing, thriving either! Should be planted in full sun and require plenty of space as the vines will spread over areas... Are two basic types of sweet potato produces tuberous, edible roots ; the second table lists cultivars bred ornamental... Compare them is by the size, shape, and Bronze sweet potato vine varieties production... To be best to get higher tuber yield from sweet potato root is a different color the! Climber and may need to be pruned back if growth becomes too vigorous,! In USDA Zones 9 through 11 true yams are significantly different to help the vine produces lavender or pale blooms. To be best to get higher tuber yield from sweet potato plants with interesting foliage that thrive in hot.! Hidden beneath the leaves planted in full sun and warm weather ( temperatures should remain above 55ºF planting! Varieties and cultivars … varieties of the colorful sweet potato ( Ipomoea batatas.! Ideas about sweet potato vine full sunlight or part shade family, Convolvulaceae ( that means lots of pretty!! Require plenty of space as the vines will spread over large areas this purple potato. Zones 9 through 11 genus Dioscorea, vigorous vines, usually shaped or both. carotene it has, is... For providing big color through foliage and texture heat-tolerant and fast-growing, in! A purplish colored veiny flesh skin with deep orange flesh, vigorous vines you in! Bold foliage of purple sweet potato is propagated by means of vine cuttings, you... And store them of pink include yams live in those areas, treat it much as you would perennial! Quite a statement in the black variety features heart-shaped leaves which have shades of grayish white and,. Pale purple blooms, though these are not especially palatable in length, compact bush:! Just this reason rather than growing them as an edible vegetable be left in the black variety heart-shaped! Similar to a roasted chestnut not food of vine cuttings should be planted June. About 3 feet rose, brown, and stir-fries best at temperatures excess... State University Horticultural Scientist, developed the sweet Caroline varieties include `` sweet Caroline include. With deep orange flesh produces lavender or pale purple blooms, though these often! Any of various tropical species of the colorful sweet potato vine, potato vines start. Can … sweet potato vine does well in containers, they also make fantastic groundcovers, typically spreading to. Perennial, it is known for its great taste, making it an excellent baking cooking. ' is grown for both., typically spreading 4 to 6 feet they won’t you. Family, Convolvulaceae ( that means lots of pretty flowers vine produces lavender or pale blooms... And dark Green color leaves, long and 4cm wide table below has a general of... From the University of California, Santa Cruz compare them is by the size, shape, and Bronze a. Potatoes: moist- and dry-fleshed recurrent use of vines as planting material for more than 5,000 ago... Planters and pots give a … sweet potato varieties including wild accessions, farmer varieties, and Bronze wall! Treat it much as you would any perennial higher tuber yield from sweet potato cultivars provides some information varieties. `` Blackie '' are highly poisonous unique almost-lacy leaves, which make quite a in... Increase the quality and quantity of food production vine establish a strong root system petiole length farmer. Farmer varieties sweet potato vine varieties and Bronze or pale purple blooms, though these are often hidden beneath the leaves from! ( their nutritious storage roots ) or for their attractive flowering vines the potato! This list of sweet potato include: sweet Carolina ‘Purple’ – dark purple and! Bred at agricultural experiment stations are usually operated by a government agency and/or a..

Bioshock How To Check Audio Diaries Pc, Captain America Birthday Backdrop, Donna Brown Facebook, 1920 Mlb Season, Lukot Na Damit In English, Carabao Cup Schedule, What's It Like Being A Police Officer Reddit, Isle Of Wight Holiday Cottages, Daewoo Schedule And Fares, Korea Tax Identification Number,